The first historical site I visited was Luxor Museum, the most beautiful museum in Egypt. Unfortunately, we were forbidden to use camera to take photos. Inside the museum there were beautiful Pharaoh statues and historical artifacts. Ramiz explained about Pharaoh’s statues and the meaning of each symbol. I also saw a mummy in a glass box, which was a body of burnt bones covered in linen with hair pressed on the skeleton that can still be seen quite clearly. What a mummy..
- The dead person was moved from the east side to the west side
- The internal organ of the dead was taken out (including the lungs, stomach, lever and intestines),except the heart
- An insect, which was the scarab, was put in the heart of the dead as a sign of protection
- All the water from the dead was taken out using a chemical substance to make the body shrink
- The dead was embalmed using lotus oil perfume and sandalwood
- The dead was covered using shroud or linen
- The dead was put in a coffin/sarcophagus and put inside a tomb
- The crown (if the king wore two crowns, he was the king over all Egypt. The shape of the combined crown was in the form of wine bottle in an ice box)
- The cobra as the sign of protection
- The cartouche which had the name of the king inscribed on board stone using hieroglyphic writings
- Chamber - anti chamber
- Hypostyle hall - the hall of pillar, composed of 4 pillars
- Period of chamber - has two or three levels of the visited tomb
- Coffin - the original coffin is put in the museum to be exhibited. The side walls and ceilings of the tomb are decorated with stars.
- Lotus flower which opening and clossing follows the sun’s direction, used in the embalming process.
- Sandalwood, to embalm the king’s face. The king gave offering to the god with his jar full of essence of lotus perfume. After that, the king moved to purify the temple of the god.
The papyrus sold here is the hand-made papyrus, dating back to 6000 years ago, whereas the papyrus sold on streets is a banana-leaf papyrus, which is usually called cheap rubbish by the Egyptians.
- Amenhotep built the temple 3650 years ago
- Tutankhamen built the temple 3500 years ago
- Ramses II built the temple 3200 years ago